A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology - download pdf or read online

By Gwendolyn Leick

ISBN-10: 0415007623

ISBN-13: 9780415007627

The Dictionary of historical close to japanese Mythology covers assets from Mesopotamia, Syro-Palestine and Anatolia, from round 2800 to three hundred BC. It comprises entries on gods and goddesses, giving proof in their worship in temples, describing their 'character', as documented by means of the texts, and defining their roles in the physique of mythological narratives; synoptic entries on myths, giving where of starting place of major texts and a quick background in their transmission in the course of the a while; and entries explaining using expert terminology, for things like different types of Sumerian texts or varieties of mythological figures.

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Most of the gods bearing this name were Weather-gods and have very similar characteristics. They can be distinguished from one another by their epithets which refer to individual cities or mountains, the traditional dwellings of weather-gods. Baal-Zephon, for instance, lived on the Jebel el-Aqra in Syria. He had temples in Ugarit and was worshipped in XlXth dynasty Egypt. Baal-Karmelos was the god of Mount Karmel in Palestine and is mentioned in the Old Testament (1 Kings 18, 19–40). When the Phoenicians colonized the Mediterranean, they brought their Baal-cult with them—most notably Baal-Hammon, who was a major deity in North Africa (cf.

This is where according to the Enuma eliš she gave birth to Marduk. Edzard 1965, WdM, 50 Damu—Sumerian god He is documented since the Ur III period and had a cult in Isin where he was called the son of the local tutelary goddess Ninisina. Like her he was a healing deity. In a number of liturgical texts Damu is the subject of laments similar to those of Dumuzi. In these laments he is mourned by his mother and his sister (the physician Gunuru), as ‘the child who disappeared in the marshes or the river’.

Gap] The final passages of the text contain a hymnlike conclusion, entrusting Baal with ‘eternal kingship’, inviting the other gods and Šapaš to partake of a feast. The sun-goddess is asked to rule over the spirits of the dead with Kothar-and Hasis’ assistance. Ginsberg 1935, 327–33; Montgomery 1935, 268–77; Gaster 1937, 21–32; Gordon 22 BABYLONIAN MYTHOLOGY 1949; Driver 1956; Aistleitner 1959; Pope, WdM 1965, 258–69; Ginsberg, in Pritchard, 1955, 129–55; Caquot, Szyncer, Herder 1974; Grabbe 1976, 57–63; Gibson 1978; Margalit 1980; Caquot, Sznycer 1981; Stolz, in Assmann, Burkert, Stolz 1982, 83–118; de Moor 1987, 1–101 Baba—Sumerian goddess (see figure 6) Her name could be written dba-bas, dba-ba, later dba-bu.

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A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology by Gwendolyn Leick


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