By Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund
A background of India is a compact synthesis featuring the grand sweep of Indian background from antiquity to the current. It continues to be the definitive textual content at the kingdom. This new version has been completely revised, containing new examine, and an updated preface, index and dateline. The authors study the foremost political, fiscal, social and cultural forces that have formed the historical past of the Indian subcontinent during this survey. This vintage textual content is an authoritative unique account which emphasises and analyses the stuctural development of Indian background.
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Extra resources for A History of India, Third Edition
The rise of handicraft is clearly in evidence at this stage. Hundreds of bone awls were found, as well as stones which seem to have been used for sharpening these awls. The uppermost layer of this site contains shards of painted ceramics very similar to those found in a settlement of the fourth millennium (Kili Ghul Mohammad III) near Quetta. When this stage was reached at Mehrgarh the settlement moved a few hundred yards from the older ones. The continuity is documented by finds of the same type of ceramics which characterised the final stage of the second settlement.
But in view of recent findings in Late Harappan strata more and more archaeologists ‘are inclined to agree’ (Allchin 1995) with Vats’ assumption. But if this were correct one would have to think of an earlier date for the Rigveda. In case the Indo-Aryan identity of the people of these early migrations in the early second millennium BC could really be proven, it is evident that some Indo-Aryan groups must have come into a direct and even active contact with the urban civilisation of the Indus cities which was still flourishing at that time.
However, at Kot Diji, a town only 30 miles from Mohenjo-Daro, there were elaborate fortifications even during the Pre-Harappan and Early Harappan periods which ended with a great conflagration in this place. This seems to indicate 22 EARLY CIVILISATIONS OF THE NORTHWEST that the spread of the Mature Harappan culture was accompanied by war and conquest. After the burning down of old Kot Diji there followed a new phase of reconstruction noticeably influenced by Mohenjo-Daro. Kalibangan Kalibangan in Panjab experienced a similar upheaval in the latter part of the third millennium.
A History of India, Third Edition by Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund