By Bimal Krishna Matilal; Jan Gonda (Editor)
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Additional info for A History of Indian Literature, Volume VI: Scientific and Technical Literature, Part 3, Fasc. 2: Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika
His prose writing is intermixed with verses and beautiful similes and metaphors. There is also a touch of humour '• D. C. BHATTACHAEYA, 1958, p. 19—20; never published. See Ratnakirti, p. 18. 77 The Early NyAya School 93 and wit in almost every page of the NyAyamanjari. The author makes a very modest claim at the beginning of his work: "How can we discuss any new fact or truth ? "78 But contrary to the above statement, the Nyayamanjari can very well be regarded as one of the most original contributions to the NyAya literature.
Mention must be made of VAdindra in this connection. He wrote his celebrated MahAvidyA-vidambana in which the MahAvidyA inference cited by the »4 See D. C. BHATTACHABYA, 1958, p. 65—66. Navya-Nyaya 103 neo-Vedantins was refuted. Vadlndra's text was popular and was commented upon by the Jaina authors. He might have been a senior contemporary of Manila ant ha. SaSadhara's Nyayasiddhantadipa is a large Navya-nyaya treatise divided into twenty-six (or twenty-seven)95 sections. The first section is called MangalavAda which definitely influenced later writers to deal at length with the problem of mangala.
Unhappiness is caused by the cycle of birth and rebirth, which is again caused by motivated action. Motivated action results from "defects" (dosa), which are the residual forces of past activities perpetrated under misconceptions (avidya or mithydjndna). Thus, misconception holds the crucial position in the causal chain (that produces unhappiness) which is supposed to be broken by our proper knowledge of reality. This scheme is also reminiscent of the Buddhist doctrine of twelvemembered dependent origination (pratityasamutpdda 'Kausalnexus' or 'theorie de la production conditionnee').
A History of Indian Literature, Volume VI: Scientific and Technical Literature, Part 3, Fasc. 2: Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika by Bimal Krishna Matilal; Jan Gonda (Editor)