By Gungor V.C., Lambert F.C.
In ultra-modern aggressive electrical software market, trustworthy and real-time info develop into the major issue for trustworthy supply of strength to the end-users, profitability of the electrical software and buyer delight. The operational and advertisement calls for of electrical utilities require a high-performance facts conversation community that helps either current functionalities and destiny operational standards. during this appreciate, on account that any such communique community constitutes the center of the electrical procedure automation purposes, the layout of a cheap and trustworthy community structure is essential. during this paper, the possibilities and demanding situations of a hybrid community structure are mentioned for electrical process automation. extra in particular, net established digital deepest Networks, strength line communications, satellite tv for pc communications and instant communications (wireless sensor networks, WiMAX and instant mesh networks) are defined intimately. the inducement of this paper is to supply a greater realizing of the hybrid community structure that may offer heterogeneous electrical method automation software standards. during this regard, our goal is to give a dependent framework for electrical utilities who plan to make use of new verbal exchange applied sciences for automation and for this reason, to make the decision-making method more suitable and direct.
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Additional info for A survey on communication networks for electric system automation
22] K. Weniger, Passive duplicate address detection in mobile ad hoc networks, in: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC) 2003, New Orleans, USA, 16–20 March 2003.  K. Weniger, M. Zitterbart, IPV6 autoconﬁguration in large scale mobile ad-hoc networks, in: European Wireless 2002, Florence, Italy, February 2002.  H. Zhou, L. Ni, M. Mutka, Prophet address allocation for large scale MANETS, in: The Conference on Computer Communications (IEEE INFOCOM 2003), San Francisco, 1–3 April 2003.
916 M. Fazio et al. / Computer Networks 50 (2006) 898–920 Fig. 16. Total number of exchanged packets. number of nodes, the traﬃc increases more with the check_partition and verify_partition packets. The progress of the traﬃc for the other types of packets is nearly constant, notwithstanding the increase in the number of nodes. The progress of the total mean traﬃc expressed in packets/second according to the variation of the number of nodes is shown in Fig. 16. We can note that this progress can be approximated by a curve with the following equation: Y ¼ 0:12 Ã X 1:364 ; ð4Þ where Y is the total traﬃc, while X is the number of nodes.
924 H. Luo et al. / Computer Networks 50 (2006) 921–937 3. Bandwidth adjustment. The bandwidth of the multimedia application is calculated according to the buﬀer occupancy, playback requirement and weight value determined in Step 2. The allocated bandwidth should be adjusted under the limit of the available network bandwidth. 1. End-to-end rate control model To describe the relationships among the transmission rate, client buﬀer occupancy, playback rate and network delay, an end-to-end rate control model is depicted in Fig.
A survey on communication networks for electric system automation by Gungor V.C., Lambert F.C.