New PDF release: A Theory of Syntactic Recognition for Natural Language

By Mitchell P. Marcus

ISBN-10: 0262131498

ISBN-13: 9780262131490

A thought of Syntactic popularity for common Language uses the speculation that the syntax of any common language should be parsed by way of a mechanism which operates "strictly deterministically" in that it doesn't simulate a nondeterministic computing device. Basing his study strictly on English, Marcus units forth a few ideas of processing that have interaction to provide reasons for a few basic houses of language. He indicates that language must have a definite layout on the way to be successfully processed via the method he has developed; particularly, principles must have sure locality homes, left-right asymmetries, and hierarchic buildings that input into rule forms in detailed methods. incorporated during this quantity are sections at the Determinism speculation, historic standpoint, the Grammar Interpreter, constitution of Grammar, shooting Linguistic Generalizations, The Grammar Interpreter and Chomsky's Constraints, Parsing Relative Clauses, Parsing Noun words, Differential prognosis and backyard course Sentences, and the need of a few Semantic/Syntactic Interactions.

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101). An exception is constituted by conditional and temporal subordinate sentences: (81) Tuk te stjacha da ostanat, dokato dojdese vreme za varsitba (Dejanova, 1974:387) Dejanova (ibidem) views this non-iterative use of the imperfective as a proof of its “temporal character” . We suggest that this use of the perfec­ tive imperfect should rather be analysed as an expression of a more complex aspectual structure, viz. so that it conveys both duration and totality. The perfective imperfect is here rather the result of an aspectual characterization of two different events (actions) in one verb form.

On the other hand, if an adequate situa­ tion is not present, the time is relevant, and the syntactic feature [aTime] will be specified [+Time]. Pettersson now argues as follows (op. : 108): In the . . sentence . . (309) Kogda ja vosel v komnatu, on sidel za stolom . . it is true that there is one point in time at which he was sitting at the table, and this point in time is the same point in time at which I entered the room. But this does not mean that this later point in time would be relevant to the predi­ cate of the principal clause.

The speech-situation projected onto the time axis (‘point of speech’=s) is always the primary point of reference (=ri) for temporal-deictic distinctions. ) along the time axis may be at hand explicitly in the utterance itself or implicitly in its wider context. Temporal-deictic dis­ tinctions can be said to be based on the two semantic primitives ‘before’ and ‘after’ (‘anterior’ and ‘posterior’; we use these terms in a more exten­ sive meaning than this is the case with Reichenbach, 1966:287-98; for a critical discussion of Reichenbach’s tense model see below, p.

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A Theory of Syntactic Recognition for Natural Language (Artificial Intelligence) by Mitchell P. Marcus

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